School of Humanities (Aug – Sep 2022)


Ph.D. Degree Awarded (Provisional):

Student’s Name: Dr. Sanjaya Kumar Sahoo

Supervisor’s Name: Dr. Sukanta Chandra Swain, School of Humanities

Thesis Title: Socioeconomic Participation of Out-Migrants from Odisha in Domestic Household Management and their Well-Being: A Study in Gajapati District

Abstract of the Thesis:

The household is the most important economic agent in any society. The efficient management of the household necessitates the automatic efficiency of other agents such as the firm, the government, and the foreign sector. In Odisha, managing households on an economic level has been difficult due to low per capita income and the concentration of economic power in the hands of a few. This, in turn, necessitates the economic participation of more household members, but Odisha fails to provide engagement opportunities for all those who wish to participate in the economic management of their specific families. Members of households do not participate socially in the absence of economic participation, as social engagement necessitates monetary commitment. As a result, people are compelled to travel to different locations in order to earn and remit so that they can support their families and establish their social identities. The research behind this Thesis is limited to out-migrants from Odisha who are temporarily stationed in other Indian states. The major objectives of the study are to outline the wide demographics of out-migrants from Odisha and to reveal the reality of such migrants’ socioeconomic participation in domestic household management. The mixed method is followed for the study. While statistical techniques like ANOVA, t-test and Multiple Regression are used for quantitative data analysis, In-depth interviews and focused group discussions are used for qualitative data. Major findings of the study are as follows: 1) Migration from Gajapati district of Odisha to other places happens to be out of compulsion, 2) Migrating through agents/contractors is an encouraging mode to refer to near and dear ones, 3) Out-migrants in the Gajapati district of Odisha are actively participating in social activities at native places, 4) Out-migrants of the Gajapati district of Odisha are participating in economic activities at native places, 5) Health and educational facilities are available, accessible and affordable by the out-migrants, 6) Out-migrants are not participating socially at the migrated place, 7) Out-migrants from Odisha’s Gajapati district are participating economically at the place of work, 8) Out-migrants are in good health and living conditions at their workplace, 9) Out-migrants didn’t have locational advantage at the native place before their Migration, but they have locational advantage at the migrated place, 10) Out-migrants in Odisha’s Gajapati district now enjoy autonomy, 11) Out-migrants of the Gajapati district of Odisha have Environmental Mastery, 12) Out-migrants in Odisha’s Gajapati district have experienced personal growth, 13) Out-migrants of the Gajapati district of Odisha have positive relation with others, 14) Out-migrants of the Gajapati district of Odisha have purpose in life, 15) Out-migrants of the Gajapati district of Odisha have self acceptance, and 16) There is high degree of correlation between any two constructs of the six constructs considered in Ryff’s Scale of psychological well-being.

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