KIMS Paediatrics Team Successfully Treats a Baby with Congenital Cytomegalovirus Infection

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Congenital cytomegalovirus infection is the most common congenital viral infection and is the leading non-genetic cause of sensorineural hearing loss and an important cause of neuro-developmental disabilities. The risk of intrauterine transmission is highest when primary infection occurs during pregnancy, with a higher rate of vertical transmission in mothers with older gestational age at infection. Besides, the risk of adverse fetal effects significantly increases if fetal infection occurs during the first half of pregnancy. Congenital CMV contributes to a high burden of disease and is the leading non-genetic cause of sensorineural hearing loss (SNLH) and an important cause of neuro-developmental disabilities in children. 

This baby was admitted to the pediatrics ward KIMS in February 2019 for continuous fever, cough, cold and loose motion for 20 days. He was diagnosed as a case of CMV and treated with Ganciclovir for two months in the hospital. The baby had to take multiple anticonvulsants to control the seizure. Though he was discharged after initial treatment, he got multiple admission to KIMS for seizures, chronic suppurative otitis media, failure to thrive and sepsis. At present the child is able to walk and play. Persistent effort by the mother and health care providers brought this child to such a state. It is due to God’s grace that the child is doing better day by day.

The parents are obviously very happy to see that the kid brings a smile on their face that made them forget many odds they faced during the initial phase. They showered their blessing to the treating physicians and nurses and appreciated the KIMS management for excellent provision of infrastructure and treating ambience. The parents also acknowledged their gratitude to Prof. N. Swain and Prof. Nirmal Mohakud and team for the help and cooperation received till date.

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