Research & Development – KIIT University News & Events https://news.kiit.ac.in KIIT Deemed to be University News Thu, 23 Jun 2022 13:23:59 +0000 en-GB hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.8.4 https://news.kiit.ac.in/wp-content/uploads/2017/08/cropped-download-32x32.png Research & Development – KIIT University News & Events https://news.kiit.ac.in 32 32 KIIT Research & Development Newsletter (Apr – May 2022) https://news.kiit.ac.in/research-development/newsletter/apr-may-2022/ https://news.kiit.ac.in/research-development/newsletter/apr-may-2022/#respond Thu, 16 Jun 2022 15:06:31 +0000 https://news.kiit.ac.in/?p=40002 KIIT Research & Development May 2022

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KIIT Research & Development May 2022

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School Of Electronics Engineering (Apr – May 2022) https://news.kiit.ac.in/research-development/school-of-electronics-engineering-apr-may-2022/ https://news.kiit.ac.in/research-development/school-of-electronics-engineering-apr-may-2022/#respond Thu, 16 Jun 2022 15:02:46 +0000 https://news.kiit.ac.in/?p=39996 School of Electronics Engineering

Journal : 1. Rao, B. N., Mohanty, S., Sen, K., Acharya, U. R., Cheong, K. H., and Sabut, S. K. (2022),  Deep Transfer Learning for Automatic Prediction of Hemorrhagic Stroke on CT Images. Mathematical Modelling of IoT-Based Health Monitoring System, 3560507, April 2022. Abstract Intracerebral hemorrhage is a serious medical issue that needs immediate treatment. […]

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School of Electronics Engineering

Journal :

1. Rao, B. N., Mohanty, S., Sen, K., Acharya, U. R., Cheong, K. H., and Sabut, S. K. (2022),  Deep Transfer Learning for Automatic Prediction of Hemorrhagic Stroke on CT Images. Mathematical Modelling of IoT-Based Health Monitoring System, 3560507, April 2022.

Abstract

Intracerebral hemorrhage is a serious medical issue that needs immediate treatment. In this study, we propose an automated transfer deep learning method that combines ResNet-50 and dense layer for accurate prediction of ICH. A total of 1164 CT brain images were collected from 62 patients with hemorrhagic stroke from Kalinga Institute of Medical Science, Bhubaneswar. The proposed model takes individual CT images as input and classifies them as hemorrhagic or normal. This deep transfer learning approach reached 99.6% accuracy, 99.7% specificity, and 99.4% sensitivity. Thus deep transfer learning has advantages for automatic diagnosis of hemorrhagic stroke in clinical settings.


2. Barman, U., Goswami, U., Ghosh, S. S., and Paily, R. P. (2022), Fabrication of ZnO Nanoparticle Based FET Device for Label-Free Bacteria Detection, IEEE Transactions on Nanobioscience, Vol. 21, No. 2, pp. 169–174, DOI: 10.1109/TNB.2021.3127349 (IF: 2.935).

Abstract

This paper reports fabrication and characterization of ZnO nanoparticle based Field Effect Transistor (FET) device and its application for simple, rapid and label-free bacteria detection. 5 μm FET devices were fabricated by standard UV lithography technique on Si wafers. The fabricated devices consisted of ZnO nanoparticles as channel material. The interaction between ZnO nanoparticles and bacteria sample has been exploited in this study to utilize ZnO nanoparticle based FET device to successfully differentiate between gram positive and gram-negative bacteria. Gram negative bacteria sample resulted in higher output characteristics compared to that obtained with gram positive bacteria sample. This study reports sensitivity and Limit of Detection (LOD) of 9.48 nA/CFU/mL and 776 CFU/mL respectively for gram negative bacteria and 6.96 nA/CFU/mL and 665 CFU/mL for gram positive bacteria respectively.


3. Maity, S.K. and Pandit,.S. (2022), Device-Circuit Analysis of Ultra-Thin Body in1-xGaxAs on Insulator   MOS Transistor with Varying Indium Mole Fraction and Channel Thickness,  Engineering Research  Express, Vol. 4, No. 2, pp. 025024.1 025024.11, https://doi.org/10.1088/2631-8695/ac6ecc.

Abstract

In this paper, we explore the design space of ultrathin body In1-xGaxAs on Insulator MOS transistor. We have studied the effect of Indium content, and channel thickness on carrier mobility, different analog and RF figure of merits of UTB III–V on Insulator MOS transistor. To verify frequency response characteristics and DC transfer characteristics, the circuit implementation was performed on a cascode amplifier and differential amplifier. Our result shows that while increasing channel thickness and Indium content, the carrier transport property and hence drain current, transconductance, unity gain cut-off frequency, and maximum oscillation frequency also improve. The improvement in analog and RF figures of merit are also reflected in circuit performance.


4. Rout, S. P., Dutta, P.,  and Maity, S. K. (2022), Improvement in the Performance of {III}-V Channel-Based Ultra-Thin Junction-Less-Hybrid CMOS Circuits with Mixed Mode Analysis,  ECS Journal of Solid State Science and Technology,  Vol. 11, No. 5, 1001, https://doi.org/10.1149/2162-8777/ac6899.

Abstract:

The logic performance of a hybrid complementary-metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) circuit based on a novel technology known as a junction-less transistor constructed with high-K and III-V compound material Junction-Less-Double-Gate MOSFET (JL-DG-MOSFET) for ultra-low power applications is analyzed in the paper. The CMOS circuit is constructed by using a Ge-based P-MOS and GaAs-based N-MOS to analyze different performance metrics of inverter such as noise margin (NM), voltage transfer characteristics, transient response, gain, frequency response, and propagation delay using Mixed Mode Analysis. It has unity-gain bandwidth of 1100 GHz and lower propagation delay of 3.1 ps.


5. Abdulkarim, Y. I.,  Mohanty, A.,Acharya, O. P., Appasani, B., Khan, M. S., Mohapatra, S. K., Sharif, F. F. M., and Dong, J. (2022), A Review on Metamaterial Absorbers: Microwave to Optical, Frontiers in physics, Vol. 10, 893791.  DOI=10.3389/fphy.2022.893791.

Abstract

Metamaterials (MM) are artificially designed materials that possess unique properties due to their geometrical design. They also display some peculiar properties, such as negative refractive index, Snell’s law reversal, Doppler effect reverse, and left-handed behaviour. MMs are used in a myriad of applications, including invisibility cloaking, perfect lensing, perfect absorption, and sensing. In this review article, the property of electromagnetic absorption by structures known as metamaterial absorbers (MMAs) is discussed. An MMA is a composite made up of many layers of metallic patterns separated by dielectric. This novel device helps in achieving near-unity absorption by various mechanisms, which are investigated in this article. The MMAs are classified based on their absorption characteristics, such as polarization tunability, broadband operation, and multiband absorption, in different frequency regimes.

Conference:

1. Rout, D. K., Ranjan, P., Mukherjee, D., Kumar, S., and Das, D. (2022), Radio Propagation Modeling for Body Surface to External Communication Scenario,2022 2nd International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Signal Processing(AISP), 2022, pp. 1–4, doi: 10.1109/AISP53593.2022.9760673.

Abstract

Internet-of-Things (IoT) is a technology that promises to connect everything. IoT for human health monitoring is particularly of interest as it promises to revolutionize health care. And that is possible with the integration of wireless body area network (BAN) with IoT. Radio channels play an important role in designing efficient transceivers for IoT-capable BAN sensors. Recently, multiple researchers have worked on modeling the radio propagation on the human body.  In this paper, we measure the path loss in a body surface to external scenario for the 900 MHz band in indoor scenarios with the help of a simple pathloss model.


2. Mishra, A. and Ray, A. K. (2022), A Novel Layered Architecture and Modular Design Framework for Next-gen Cyber Physical System, In: 2022 International Conference on Computer Communication and informatics (ICCCI), Coimbatore, India, pp.  1–8, 2022. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/ICCCI54379.2022.9740757.

Abstract

Cyber Physical System (CPS) is a complex interdisciplinary engineering system with amalgamation of physical-realm entities like machines, sensors, actuators and embedded devices with the cyber-realm system constituting of communication networks, Internet, and network-centric heterogeneous computing platforms like cloud and Fog/Edge computing. Further, with the recent advancements in the field of Internet of Things (IoT) and Machine-to-Machine (M2M) communication as enabling technologies; it is possible to design large scale CPS and deployment of application-specific sensor data acquisition and control systems. This has unfolded another technological dimension of huge data-centric subsystems: Big-Data and Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML) based application specific data analytics requirement for future-ready intelligent CPS also popularly referred as Cognitive CPS (CCPS). In this paper, we have proposed a novel four-layer architecture and their design framework with the vision of Next-generation Cyber Physical System (NG-CPS). Some major design attributes of each layer have been considered to formulate eight NG-CPS design goals with a modelling approach and suggested some major design aspects including modularity, scalability.

Book Chapters

1. Mishra A., Swain A., Ray A.K., Shubair, R. M. (2022), HetNet/M2M/D2D Communication in5G Technologies In: Intelligent Data-Centric Systems, 5G IoT and Edge Computing for SmartHealthcare, Akash Kumar Bhoi, Victor Hugo Costa de Albuquerque, Samarendra Nath Sur, PaoloBarsocchi (Eds.), Elsevier, pp. 45 – 87.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-323-90548-0.00002-4

Abstract:

In today’s era of connected intelligent systems, 5G is the key technology enabler toward achieving high-data rate/eMBB, URLLC, and mMTC for enhancing the legacy data network. 5G-enabled heterogeneous networks (HetNets) are necessary for modern-day communication for several game changing applications like IoT, D2D, and M2M. Heterogeneity has some functional advantage of modularity in 5G HetNet implementation. 5G-HetNets front haul is an agile H-CRAN using technologies like SDN, NFV, and TWDM-PON backhaul network to provide 5G HetNets as traffic aggregation is needed from large numbers of mMTC devices as per several amendments in 3GPP R-15/16 toward 5G support for M2M and HetNets.


2. Mishra A., Swain A., Ray A.K., Shubair, R. M. (2022), Convergent Network Architecture of 5Gand MEC, In: Intelligent Data-Centric Systems, 5G IoT and Edge Computing for Smart Healthcare, Akash Kumar Bhoi, Victor Hugo Costa de Albuquerque, Samarendra Nath Sur, Paolo Barsocchi (Eds.), Elsevier, pp. 111–138. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-323-90548-0.00003-6.

Abstract

Multi-access edge computing (MEC) is creating a technology impact in distributing the computation to the edge of the radio access network (RAN). The MEC offers large bandwidth, low latency, highly efficient network operation. MEC is going to benefit in handling the computation using off-loading of voluminous data traffic by satisfying the requirements of 5G such as throughput, scalability, latency and automation. This chapter deals with an overview of the convergence of 5G with MEC technology, which are crucial for any IoT-based smart healthcare system with a special focus on Convergence between 5G and MEC in the purview of IoT applications.

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School of Electrical Engineering (Apr – May 2022) https://news.kiit.ac.in/research-development/school-of-electrical-engineering-apr-may-2022/ https://news.kiit.ac.in/research-development/school-of-electrical-engineering-apr-may-2022/#respond Thu, 16 Jun 2022 15:02:14 +0000 https://news.kiit.ac.in/?p=39995 School of Electrical Engineering

Journal 1.. Lenka, R. K ,Panda,A. K. , Patel,,R. and Guerrero. ,J. M. (2022),  PV Integrated Multifunctional Off-Board EV Charger with Improved Grid Power Quality,  IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, doi: 10.1109/TIA.2022.3167659 (IF: 3.654). Abstract: This paper presents an adaptive notch filter (ANF) based efficient control algorithm for multifunctional grid-connected solar photovoltaic (PV) powered electric […]

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School of Electrical Engineering

Journal

1.. Lenka, R. K ,Panda,A. K. , Patel,,R. and Guerrero. ,J. M. (2022),  PV Integrated Multifunctional Off-Board EV Charger with Improved Grid Power Quality,  IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, doi: 10.1109/TIA.2022.3167659 (IF: 3.654).

Abstract:

This paper presents an adaptive notch filter (ANF) based efficient control algorithm for multifunctional grid-connected solar photovoltaic (PV) powered electric vehicle (EV) charger to power the EV batteries and simultaneously improve the grid power quality (PQ). Furthermore, a multilevel topology is adopted for the grid-facing converter to improve output voltage quality. The charger is designed to operate in grid-connected operation (GCO) and standalone operation (SO) to optimize the PV generation. In GCO, the charger provides grid current harmonic compensation and reactive power support to the grid. Furthermore, it offers backup power to the residential load during an emergency. The charger control algorithm also includes a grid synchronization technique based on phase error minimization to achieve a smooth and seamless transition from SO to GCO and vice-versa.


2. Mahapatra, A. K., Samal, P., Mohapatra, S., Sahu, P. C., & Panda, S. (2021). Analysis of Gaussian Fuzzy Logic‐Sliding Model Control and Flexible AC Transmission Systems Controllers for Automatic Generation Control of Hybrid Power System under Chaotic‐Water Cycle Algorithm Approach,International Transactions on Electrical Energy Systems, Vol. 31, No. 12, e13163. https://doi.org/10.1002/2050-7038.13163(IF: 2.860).

Abstract:

This study proposes FL-SMC as secondary controller for monitoring power generation of multigrid power system. Further, a novel chaotic-water cycle algorithm (C-WCA) has been suggested for optimum parameter selection of the proposed controller. The work also has implemented an interline power flow controller to improve AGC of hybrid system. The effectiveness of the proposed controller over sliding mode controller, conventional fuzzy-PID, and PID controller has been synthesized to justify its superiority. The robustness of the proposed controller has been examined. Finally, it has been observed that the proposed controller advances the settling time of ∆F1 by 41%, 61.4%, and 86.4% over the sliding mode controller, fuzzy-PID, and PID controller, respectively.


3. Mishra, S.P. and Senapati, R. (2021), Wind Speed and Power Prediction Using MK-PINN, International Journal of Power and Energy Conversion, Vol.12, No.1, pp. 76–88.DOI: 10.1504/IJPEC.2021.113055.

Abstract

A multi-kernel pseudo inverse neural network (MKPINN) is proposed in this paper for efficient wind speed and power forecasting. The proposed model has been compared with Gaussian, wavelet, polynomial and sigmoid kernel. To get the best output and learning methodology and achieve stability, a pseudo inverse neural network is added, which substitutes the hidden layer with kernel function. This helps to achieve more accurate and faster response. Various case studies have been carried out from ten minutes to five hours interval in order to prove its accuracy.

Conference Paper:

1.Snehalika, Das, S., Patel, R. and Panigrahi, C. K. (2022), GaN-based Isolated Bi-Directional DC-DC Converter for High Load Current Application,In2022 IEEE Delhi Section Conference (DELCON), , pp.  1–7, doi: 10.1109/DELCON54057.2022.9753566.

Abstract:

This paper presents a GaN HEMT-based isolated bi-directional Dual Active Bridge (IBDC-DAB) DC-DC converter for the high load current. The proposed GaN HEMT-DAB converter is operated using the Single-Phase-Shift (SPS) control strategy. The 650 V rated GaN HEMT based DAB converter delivered a constant output current of approximately 29 A, which would be idealistic for EV charging applications.


2. Senapati, R., Sharma, P., Mishra, S. P., Mishra, D. P., Dash, B., Rath, J. J., & Senapati, R. N. (2021, ). Efficacy of UPQC in Grid linked PV-SOFC System at Constant Irradiance with Variable Load. In 2021 IEEE International Conference in Advances in Power, Signal, and Information Technology (APSIT), 8-10th October, Bhubaneswar, India, pp. 1–6.

DOI: 10.1109/APSIT52773.2021.9641282

Abstract

Power sectors aim to satisfy the power essentiality comfortably and then transferring and assigning to the specific load hubs,honouring its feature and loyalty with feasible tariff. This study focuses on relief from different power quality (PQ) problems in a hybrid grid solar-fuel cell linked system for accomplishment of the novel control approach of sinusoidal current control strategy (SCCS) based simulation study of the Unified Power Quality Conditioner (UPQC) in MATLAB R2016a environment assimilating various loads. A time domain control approach ratified on ephemeral PQ-theory is applied to observe the efficacy of the UPQC in the hybrid system in a variable loading environment. The novelty in the control approach validates illustrations of sinusoidal quantities from supply.


Patent Filed/Published/Granted

1. Dr. G S Pradeep Ghantasala, Dr. Srikanth Allamsetty, Mr. VeeresalingamGuruguntla, and Dr. Mohit Lal, Patent Name: Non-Thermal Plasma Reactor for Real-Time Diesel Exhaust Treatment (Indian patent). Application no: 202211018418; Status: Filed; 29/03/2022.

Abstract:

The present disclosure discloses a non-thermal plasma reactor for real-timediesel exhaust treatment. The plasma reactor includes a plurality of reactorchambers, which are fluidically connected to each other in azig-zag arrangement and adapted to allow flow of diesel exhaust therethrough.Further, an electrode is configured with at least one of the reactor chambers, wherein the electrode has sharp edges and is configured to be energizedand correspondingly generate intensified high-voltage electric field within thecorresponding reactor chambers, which facilitates dissociation or neutralizationof NOx present in the exhaust, thereby facilitating real-time diesel exhausttreatment.


2. Dr. Abhinav Saxena, Dr. Md. Abul Kalam, Dr. Srikanth Allamsetty, Mr. Mukesh Yadav, Mr. Tarun Rathi, Mr. Amit Kumar Dash, Dr. Natwar Singh Rathor, and Dr. Gurulingappa M. Patil.

Patent Name: An Implicit Approach for Power Quality Assessment and Controlling of Solar Photovoltaic Integrated (Indian patent).

Application no: 202211013318; Status: Published; 11/03/2022.

Abstract:

The sensitivity, voltage control, and power quality analysis of solar photovoltaic based grid linked converters are presented in this study. Solar photovoltaic panels makeup the entire system, which is connected to the grid via back-to-back converters: a boost converter and an inverter. According to the present study, there is a lack ofsynchronization between solar photovoltaic and grid, as well as increased distortion and inadequate sensitivity. To address this issue, the impact of a novel design ofcuckoo search algorithm and fuzzy logic controller on boost converter and inverter control is being investigated. In comparison to existing methods, such arevolutionary algorithm design is simple, requires less data calculation, and is cost-effective. In compared to alternative approaches, the ideal design of both controllersgives better sensitivity with little distortion and least voltage variation against any change in internal parameters. On -an STM32F407 controller, the effectiveness of theapplied architecture is also verified and validated in a hardware setup of a 2 kW solar module, 3 kW boost converter, and 5 kW inverter.


3. Dr. Rudranarayan Senapati, Dr. Pradeep Kumar Sahu,Dr. Satya Ranjan Jena, Dr. Sraddhanjali Mohapatra, Dr. Tejaswini Kar, Mr. Subrat Behera, and Mr. Soubhagya Ranjan Prusty.

Patent Name:- A System and a Method for Improving Current Profile in a Hybrid Energy Sourceb(Australian Patent)

Patent number – 2021102775 ; Status Granted – 2nd March 2022

Abstract of the Patent:

The present disclosure seeks to provide a method to predict coronary artery disease using fuzzy expert system. The Shunt Active Filter (ShAF) based on Sinusoidal current Control Strategy(SCCS )offers assurance against current harmonics as well as improves the power factor. The grid injected current in case of ShAF under the PV-integrated condition is found to be 1.4%.This is all about harmonic current mitigation (as one of the major power quality issue) through the imaginary power owing to their precise and audacious action by ShAF builds on SCC in a grid tied PV system. The SCCS is employed to liberate sinusoidal current commenced from the supply additionally with a burly synchronizing (Phase Locked Loop) circuit, concise the controller for ShAF. Explicitly by a sinusoidal current control based controller ShAF acts as a harmonic isolator amidst with load and supply. The performance of the said technique was evaluated using MATLAB under passive load (non-linear load). The efficacy of the ShAF in harmonics mitigation is validated through the proposed simulation.

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School of Computer Science and Engineering (Apr – May 2022) https://news.kiit.ac.in/research-development/school-of-computer-science-and-engineering-apr-may-2022/ https://news.kiit.ac.in/research-development/school-of-computer-science-and-engineering-apr-may-2022/#respond Thu, 16 Jun 2022 15:01:54 +0000 https://news.kiit.ac.in/?p=39994 School of Computer Engineering

Journal Paper: 1. Dutta, J. and Roy, S. (2022),OccupancySense:Context-basedIndoor Occupancy Detection &Prediction Using CatBoostModel,,Applied Soft Computing, Elsevier, Vol. 119, p. 108536,ISSN 1568-4946, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asoc.2022.108536. (IF: 6.725). Abstract: Occupancy detection and prediction are well-established research problems where desired higher accuracy can be achieved with our proposed non-intrusive OccupancySense model which detects human presence and predicts indoor […]

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School of Computer Engineering

Journal Paper:

1. Dutta, J. and Roy, S. (2022),OccupancySense:Context-basedIndoor Occupancy Detection &Prediction Using CatBoostModel,,Applied Soft Computing, Elsevier, Vol. 119, p. 108536,ISSN 1568-4946, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asoc.2022.108536. (IF: 6.725).

Abstract:

Occupancy detection and prediction are well-established research problems where desired higher accuracy can be achieved with our proposed non-intrusive OccupancySense model which detects human presence and predicts indoor occupancy count by the fusion of IoT based indoor air quality data along with static and dynamic context data. This data fusion helps us to achieve higher forecasting accuracy along with the integration of state of the art gradient boosting based categorical features supported by the CatBoost algorithm. The speciality of this model is that  it is non-intrusive and has very high predictive power  outperforming other state-of-the-art models.


2. Priyadarsini, M., Bera, P., Das, S.K. and Rahman, A. (2022), A Security Enforcement Framework for SDN Controller Using Game Theoretic Approach, IEEE Transactions on Dependable ad Secure Computing (TDSC), DOI: 10.1109/TDSC.2022.3158690 (IF:7.329).

Abstract:

This paper presents an effective security enforcement framework for proactive prevention of potential attacks on SDN controller. First, based on a signalling game approach, we design a trust-based controller attack detection (TCAD) model that calculates the trust value of each incoming packet to take necessary action. Next, we propose a risk-based attack prevention (RAP) model that detects and filters malicious traffic flows in the network. Finally, we evaluate our proposed security enforcement framework on different scenarios with varying traffic requirements and by injecting attacks based on STRIDE model. Experimental results show 95% accuracy in the potential attack detection and prevention.


Conference Paper:

1. Maity A., Roy S.G., Bhattacharjee S., Ghosh R., Choudhury A. R. and Pradhan C. (2022), Image Encryption using RABIN and Elliptic Curve Crypto Systems, In: Springer International Conference on Emerging Technology in Computer Engineering (ICETCE), Jaipur, India, pages 691-703, 2022.

Abstract:

This paper has used two layers of each encryption and decryption thus providing two layers of security. Here we have worked with different images so firstly, the image has been encrypted using Rabin Cryptography followed by ECC Cryptography. Similarly while decrypting, the decryption was first done using ECC and then Rabin Cryptography. We have tested this approach using different datasets and have received great accuracy. With this approach it can provide images with a double layer of security efficiently while sharing images.


Book Chapter:

1. Bhattacharjee, P. and Mitra, P. (2022). Density-Based Mining Algorithms for Dynamic Data: An Incremental Approach. In: Dash, S.R., Lenka, M.R., Li, KC., Villatoro-Tello, E. (eds) Intelligent Technologies: Concepts, Applications, and Future Directions. Studies in Computational Intelligence, vol. 1028, pp. 313-335, Springer, Singapore. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-19-1021-0_13

Abstract:

Traditionally, data mining algorithms deal with static data. The major bottlenecks with this class of algorithms include redundant computation and higher latency along with increased consumption of available resources. Given the essence of dealing with dynamic data, this work focuses on designing incremental mining algorithms, specifically in the field of density-based clustering and outlier detection. The primary reason being density-based algorithms shows robustness in finding clusters of varying granularity or extracting outliers from variable density regions. We propose incremental extensions to two density-based clustering algorithms: MBSCAN (iMass), SNN-DBSCAN (BISDBadd, BISDBdel) and an outlier detection algorithm KNNOD (KAGO).


2. Das C., Sahoo A. K. and Pradhan C. (2022), Multicriteria-Based Entertainment Recommender System using Clustering Approach in Advanced Analytics and Deep Learning Models, A. Mire, S. Malik and A. K. Tyagi (Eds.), Wiley, pp. 33 – 63.

Abstract:

The first recommender system was based on single criteria, known as single-criteria recommender system. But in real-world scenario for recommendation, a model needs to look at more than one criterion. So, the multi-criteria recommender concept came in the picture. Here, we have seen some innovative ideas, approaches, and methods, which are applied to a multi-criteria recommender system more efficiently and effectively. We have also seen how these new and innovative approaches give better result compared to the conventional recommender systems. Here, we have talked about many different approaches of multi-criteria recommendation techniques done by various researchers around the globe.

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School of Biotechnology (Apr – May 2022) https://news.kiit.ac.in/research-development/school-of-biotechnology-apr-may-2022/ https://news.kiit.ac.in/research-development/school-of-biotechnology-apr-may-2022/#respond Thu, 16 Jun 2022 15:01:23 +0000 https://news.kiit.ac.in/?p=39993 KIIT School Of Biotechnology

Awards and Distinctions Received Awards and distinctions received: Name of the Faculty: Gargi Dey Title of the Award: Best Mini Review Award Award Received: FEDERATION OF EUROPEAN MICROBIOLOGICAL SOCIETIES (FEMS) Microbiology Letters Article Award 2021 Place Cambridge, CB1 2LA, United Kingdom About the Award (limited to 100 words): To recognise the importance of collaborative work that […]

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KIIT School Of Biotechnology

Awards and Distinctions Received

Awards and distinctions received:

Name of the Faculty: Gargi Dey

Title of the Award: Best Mini Review Award

Award Received: FEDERATION OF EUROPEAN MICROBIOLOGICAL SOCIETIES (FEMS) Microbiology Letters Article Award 2021

Place Cambridge, CB1 2LA, United Kingdom

About the Award (limited to 100 words):

To recognise the importance of collaborative work that is being carried out in both multidisciplinary research and the knowledge development process, FEMS and OUP have teamed up to offer an award to the Best Mini Review published by FEMS Microbiology Letters each year. Gargi Dey is the winner of the best 2021 Mini Review award in the journal FEMS Microbiology Letters. The Editor-in-Chiefs and Section Editors picked as their favourite Mini Review: Probiotics-targeting New Milestones from Gut Health to Mental Health. They really liked the clear overview it gives on relationships between probiotics and a healthy body and mind.

Gargi Dey

Conventional probiotic food research was primarily focused on their benefits for gut health. Recently with the confirmation that the gut microbiota has a bidirectional connection with the brain, it is being proposed that modification of the microbiota can possibly extirpate neurological diseases. In this context, this review discusses the evidences collected on the anxiolytic and antidepressant effects of probiotics, especially during the periodafter 2015. The formulation of new psychobiotic-based therapeutics is in the spotlight. It is expected that in near future, biological effect of probiotics on neurological conditions will open up an entirely new avenue for personalized medication and healthcare in mental health.


Grant or Project Awarded (Both Sponsored Research and Consultancy)

Title of the Sanctioned Project: Decrypting the Functional Role of the Human Erythrocyte HSP70 Chaperones (HSPA1 And HSPA8) in Intraerythrocytic Development of Plasmodium Falciparum.

Principal Investigator’s Name: Dr K. Sony Reddy

Co-Principal Investigator’s Name: Dr Selvakumar Elangovan

Name of Funding Agency: Science and Engineering Research Board, Department of Science and Technology, Govt. of India

Sanctioned Amount of Project: Rs. 38 Lakh for 3 years

We believe that the functionality of host erythrocyte HSP70 proteins (predominantly HSPA1 and HSPA8) and associated molecules present in the host erythrocyte cytosol  get hijacked by the PfHSP40 proteins, and would be utilized for folding of the exported parasite proteins or remodeling of the host erythrocyte cytoskeleton. This hypothesis, if proven true, will provide concrete evidence of P. falciparum parasites using the host erythrocyte folding machinery for its survival. The results will reveal a new avenue of host-pathogen interaction that exists between the intraerythrocytic parasite and the host erythrocyte.


Ph.D. Degree Awarded (Provisional):

Student’s Name: Dr. Subhajit Chatterjee

Supervisor’s Name: Dr. Chanakya Nath Kundu, School of Biotechnology

Thesis Title: To Study the Role of Cell Adhesion Molecule NECTIN-4 (A Pvrl-4 Encoded Gene) in Cancer Progression and Angiogenesis

Abstract:

NECTIN-4 possesses three different domains and it is predicted that they have different roles in cancer but the structure-function relationship was still unknown. Using 5-Fluouracil-resistant cervical cancer stem cells (PEMT-5FU-R-MC) and different NECTIN-4 domain-specific constructs, different domains of NECTIN-4 were over-expressed in PEMT-5FU-R-MC cells. Different biochemical assays were used to delineate the function of each domain of NECTIN-4 in cancer and their regulation by nano-formulated quinacrine. In the second part of this thesis, systematic studies were performed to illustrate the detailed molecular signalling of NECTIN-4 mediated cancer angiogenesis. In addition, probable strategies were provided to target NECTIN-4 mediated cancer angiogenesis.


Journal paper:

1. Sahu, W., Bai, T., Panda, P. K., Mazumder, A., Das, A., Ojha, D. K., Verma, S. K., Elangovan, S., and Reddy, K. S. (2022), Plasmodium Falciparum HSP40 Protein Ecijp Traffics to the Erythrocyte Cytoskeleton and Interacts with the Human HSP70 Chaperone HSPA1, FEBS Letters, Vol. 596, No. 1, pp. 95–111, DOI: 10.1002/1873-3468.14255 (IF: 4.124).

Abstract

Renovation of host erythrocytes is vital for pathogenesis by Plasmodium falciparum. These changes are mediated by parasite proteins that translocate beyond the parasitophorous vacuolar membrane in an unfolded state, suggesting that protein folding by chaperones is imperative for the functionality of exported proteins. We report a type-IV P. falciparum HSP40 protein- eCiJp, that traffics to the host erythrocyte. eCiJp localizes to the cytoplasmic side of the J-dots, and binds to the host erythrocyte cytoskeleton. The eCiJp protein interacts with the human HSP70 chaperone, HsHSPA1, and it is expected that it might assist in the folding of the parasite proteins andremodeling of the erythrocyte cytoskeletal proteins. 


2. Radharani, N.N.V., Yadav, A.S., Nimma, R., Kumar, T.V.S., Bulbule, A., Chanukuppa, V., Kumar, D., Patnaik, S., Rapole, S., and Kundu, G.C. (2022), Tumor-associated Macrophage Derived IL-6 Enriches Cancer Stem Cell Population and Promotes Breast Tumor Progression via Stat-3 Pathway, Cancer Cell Int. Vol.22, No. 1, p. 122, DOI: 10.1186/s12935-022-02527-9 (IF: 5.15).

Abstract

Cancer stem cells (CSCs) niche  comprises various stromal cell types including Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs). We observedtaht Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is one of the up-regulated genes expressed in activated macrophages. Also, TAMs produce high levels of IL-6 and breast cancer cell derived factors induce IL-6 production in activated macrophages via p38- MAPK pathway. Further, tumor activated macrophages induce enrichment of CSCs and expression of CSC specific transcription factors such as Sox-2, Oct-3/4 and Nanog in breast cancer cells. These findings provide evidence that TAM derived IL-6 plays a major role in CSC enrichment and tumor progression in breast cancer and IL-6.


3. Pawara, R., Ahmad, I., Nayak, D., Belamkar, S., Surana, S., Kundu, C.N., Patil, C. and Patel, H. (2022), Design and Synthesis of the Novel, Selective WZ4002 Analogue as EGFR-L858R/T790M Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors for Targeted Drug TherapyiIn Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC), Journal of Molecular Structure, Vol. 1254, p.132313, DOI: 10.1016/j.molstruc.2021.132313 (IF 3.196).

Abstract

To conquer the drug-resistance of first-generation EGFR (epidermal growth factor receptor) kinase inhibitors and second-generation inhibitors’ non-selective toxicities in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) patients, a series of WZ4002 derivatives (6–46) were discovered as novel double mutant EGFR-L858R/T790M TK inhibitors. Among the synthesized compounds, representative compounds 8 and 38 displayed significant anti-proliferative activity on the Gefitinib-resistant cell line NCI-H1975. Also, these compounds exhibited moderate anti-proliferative activity against the A549 cell, suggesting their improved selectivity over the mutant EGFR-L858R/T790M. These results demonstrate that compounds 8 and 38 would be promising lead compound-targeting double mutant EGFR-L858R/T790M TK.


4. Sethy, C. and Kundu and C.N. (2022), PARP Inhibitor BMN-673 Induced Apoptosis by Trapping PARP-1 and Inhibiting Base Excision Repair via Modulation of Pol-Β in Chromatin Of Breast Cancer Cells, Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology, Vol. 436, p.115860, DOI: 10.1016/j.taap.2021.115860 (IF 4.219).

Abstract

PARP inhibitors confer cytotoxicity in cancer cells both by catalytic inhibition and trapping of PARP-1 at the DNA damage site. Here, we have precisely evaluated the mechanism of PARP trapping mediated anti-cancer action of Quinacrine (QC), BMN-673 and their combination (QC + BMN-673) in breast cancer cells. We introduced a strategy to measure the cellular PARP trapping potentiality of BMN-673 in QC pretreated cells using a fluorescence-based assay system. Our data suggested that the QC + BMN-673 augmented breast cancer cell death by pol-β mediated repair inhibition primarily through trapping of PARP-1 besides PARP-1 catalytic inhibition.


5. Dash, S.R. and Kundu, C.N. (2022), Photothermal Therapy: A New Approach to Eradicate Cancer, Current Nanoscience, Vol. 18, No. 1, pp.31–47, DOI: 10.2174/1573413717666210301112058 (IF 1.824).

Abstract

The use of hyperthermal temperature to treat solid cancers is known as oncological thermal ablation. Thermal ablation is studied as a therapeutic strategy for most cancers and can be used in the control of local and metastatic diseases in addition to traditional anticancer therapies. The present review summarizes PTT’s functional properties, NIR penetration ability, DNA repair, cellular signaling, and immune system modulation effect of hyperthermia. The benefits of using different types of nanomaterials in PTT applications are further explored here. In addition, the problems associated with the use of nanomaterials in PTT applications are addressed in this article.


6. Panda, S., Nanda, A., Sahu, N., Ojha, D.K., Pradhan, B., Rai, A., Suryawanshi, A.R., Banavali, N,. and Nayak, S. (2022), SufBIntein Splicing in Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Is Influenced by Two Remote Conserved N-ExteinHistidines, Bioscience Reports, Vol. 42, Issue No. 3, pp. 1–18, DOI: 10.1042/BSR20212207 (IF 3.84).

Abstract

Inteins are auto-processing domains that implement a multistep biochemical reaction termed protein splicing. We report the kinetic study of splicing and cleavage reaction in [Fe–S] cluster assemblyproteinSufBfromMycobacteriumtuberculosis(Mtu). Sequence analysis identified two conserved histidines in the N-extein region; His248 and His215. Structural analysis and molecular dynamics (MD) simulations suggested that MtuSufB displays a unique mechanism where two remote histidines work concurrently to facilitate N-terminal cleavagereaction.Developmentofinteinsasbiotechnological tools or as pathogen-specific novel antimicrobial targets requires a more complete understanding of such unexpected roles of conserved extein residues in proteinsplicing.


7. Dey, G., Ghosh, A. and Tangirala, R. (2022), Technological Convergence of Preventive Nutrition with Non-thermal Processing, Journal of Food Processing & Preservation,  DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/jfpp.16508, (IF: 2.3).

Abstract

The food industry is rapidly heading toward a “technological convergence” with the goal of establishing highly efficient processing technologies for safe, shelf-stable functional products. In this review, we evaluated the utility and efficiency of various non-thermal processing technologies (cold plasma, ultra-sonication, high pressure, pulsed electric field, pulsed light processing) with respect to their capabilities to retain phytonutrient functionality and antioxidant potential in processed foods. The review also discusses existing gaps in current non-thermal processing techniques and explores potential improvements necessary to foster reliable next-generation processing technologies.


8. Chatterjee, M., Maniraj, J. Y.,  Karthik, R. K., Chowdhary, G.,  Sreevathsa, R. and Rao, U. (2022), Amenability of Marucavitrata (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) to Gene Silencing through Exogenous Administration and Host-Delivered Dsrnain Pigeonpea(Cajanus cajan L.), Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants, Vol. 28, No. 01, pp. 189–202, DOI: 10.1007/s12298-022-01133-3 (IF: 2.4).

Abstract

Insect pests are one of the major biotic stresses limiting yield in commercially important crops. The lepidopteran pod borer, Marucavitrata, causes significant economic losses in legumes including pigeonpea. RNAi in M. vitrata through exogenous administration of dsRNA with sequence specificity to three functionally important genes, Alpha-amylase (α-amylase), Chymotrypsin-like serine protease (CTLP) and Tropomyosin (TPM) into the larval haemolymph and their host-delivered RNAi in pigeonpea. A significant decline in the expression of selected genes was observed. This study provided corroborative proof for the possibility of gene silencing in M. vitrata.


9. Roy, P.C., Chaturvedi, S., Samanta, I., and Chowdhary, G. (2021), Effect of Abiotic Stress n Polyamine Oxidase Activities in Rice, International Journal of Botany Studies, Vol. 6, No.06, pp. 445–449, DOI: https://www.botanyjournals.com/archives/2021/vol6/issue6/6-5-307 (IF: 0.2).

Abstract

Polyamines are small aliphatic amines present in plants that help in abiotic stress acclimation. The cellular concentration of polyamines is maintained by a delicate balance between their synthesis and degradation. The principal enzyme responsible for polyamine degradation is polyamine oxidases. Polyamine oxidases have been reported from multiple plant species.However, their behavior in response to abiotic stresses remains obscure. In this paper, we have investigated the polyamine oxidase activity in model plant rice (Oryza sativa) in response to various abiotic stresses, namely, salinity, dehydration, cold, and heat stress.


10. Panigrahi, B.,  Singh, R.K., Suryakant,U., Mishra, S.,Potnis, A., Jena., A., Kerry, G., Rajaram, H.,  Ghosh, S. K., and Mandal,D. (2022), Cyclic Peptides Nanospheres: A ‘2-In-1’ Self-Assembled Delivery System for Targeting Nucleus and Cytoplasm, Eur. J. Pharm. Sci, Vol. 171, pp. 106125, DOI:  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejps.2022.106125 (IF: 4.3).

Abstract

Herein, self-assembled peptide nanospheres have been generated from L,L-cyclic peptides using hydrophobic (Trp), positively charged (Arg) and cysteine (Cys) amino acid residues and demonstrated  as vehicles for intracellular delivery of VEGF siRNA and VEGF antisense oligonucleotide. Formation of peptide nanostructures is confirmed by HR-TEM, AFM, SEM and DLS analysis. Possible mechanism of self-assembly of the cyclic peptides and their binding with macromolecules are demonstrated by in-silico analysis.  Flow cytometry and confocal microscopy results confirm the efficiency of the new biomaterials for the delivery of macromolecules. 

Conference Paper:

  1. Early Peroxisome Targeted Polyamine Oxidase from Oryza Sativa Mediating Abiotic Stress Tolerance via a Feedback Loop, Presented in Realigning Indian Agriculture for Sustainable Futurein 5F Conference, 10-12th March, Bhubaneswar, India, Pages 99. 

Abstract

Polyamines (PA) are low molecular weight aliphatic amines, present in all eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms. They play an essential role in cell proliferation, growth as well as mitigation of abiotic stress. Polyamine oxidases are flavoproteins that catalyze the degradation of polyamines like spermidine to form putrescine along with H2O2 and NH3. We have cloned a PAO from Oryza sativa which demonstrated early peroxisomal targeting, upregulation by various abiotic stresses making it a suitable candidate for crop resilience in response to harsh abiotic stress conditions.


  1. Tarafdar, S., Reumann, S., and Chowdhary, G.(2022), Role of Acid Phosphatase in Abiotic Stress Tolerance in SolanumLycopersicum,Presented in Realigning Indian Agriculture for sustainable futurein 5F Conference, 10-12th March, Bhubaneswar, India, pp.  97–98

Abstract

Phosphorous isa  crucial mineral for the life of plants. Purple acid phosphatases (PAPs) are primarily linked with the remobilization of phosphorous from the soil within plants by hydrolysing compounds of organic phosphorous, otherwise there is a lack of availability of phosphorous in such compounds for assimilation. Solanumlycopersicum (tomato), which plays a significant role in human nutrition and is an economically important vegetable crop, is sensitive to various types of biotic and abiotic stresses. We have cloned a gene for PAP from tomato which was found to be localized in the peroxisome. The expression analysis of the same is underway.

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School of Applied Sciences (Apr – May 2022) https://news.kiit.ac.in/research-development/school-of-applied-sciences-apr-may-2022/ https://news.kiit.ac.in/research-development/school-of-applied-sciences-apr-may-2022/#respond Thu, 16 Jun 2022 15:01:01 +0000 https://news.kiit.ac.in/?p=39992 School Of Applied Sciences

Ph.D. Degree Awarded (Provisional): Student’s Name: Dr. Muralidhar Swain Supervisor’s Name: Dr. Sushant Kumar Sahoo, School of Applied Sciences, KIIT & Dr.Bijaya Kumar Sahoo, NIT Raipur Thesis Title: Pyroelectricity and Thermal Properties of III-V Nitride Heterostructures Abstract: III-V nitride semiconductors (AlN, GaN and InN) are suitable candidates in optoelectronics world due to wide (Eg,AlN = […]

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School Of Applied Sciences

Ph.D. Degree Awarded (Provisional):

Student’s Name: Dr. Muralidhar Swain

Supervisor’s Name: Dr. Sushant Kumar Sahoo, School of Applied Sciences, KIIT & Dr.Bijaya Kumar Sahoo, NIT Raipur

Thesis Title: Pyroelectricity and Thermal Properties of III-V Nitride Heterostructures

Abstract:

III-V nitride semiconductors (AlN, GaN and InN) are suitable candidates in optoelectronics world due to wide (Eg,AlN = 6.2eV, Eg,GaN = 3.4eV, Eg,InN = 0.64eV) and direct band gaps. One of the most important and peculiar properties of this material system is Built-in-Polarization field. Due to non-centrosymmetric structure of the unit cells, these materials are originally polarized, which is called spontaneous polarization. During the growth of these materials over a substrate, due to lattice mismatch, external stressand thermal strain, againpolarization  builds inside these materials enhancing its strength,which is known as piezoelectric polarization.In this work, pyroelectric effect has been investigated by studying the effect of Built-in-Polarizationfield on the thermal conductivity of GaN, AlN and InN and their heterostructures like InxGa1-xN/GaN,AlxGa1−xN/GaN.

Journal

1. Acharya S and Misra R. (2022) , Hypoxia Responsive Phytonanotheranostics: A Novel Paradigm towards Fighting Cancer, Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology and Medicine, vol. 42, p.102549, DOI: 10.1016/j.nano.2022.102549  (IF: 6.458).

Abstract

Hypoxia enhances tumor aggressiveness, thereby reducing the efficacy of anticancer therapies. Phytomedicine, which is nowadays considered as the new panacea owing to its dynamic physiological properties, is often plagued by shortcomings. Incorporating these wonder drugs in nanoparticles (phytonanomedicine) for hypoxia therapy is a new prospect in the direction of cancer management. Similarly, the concept of phytonanotheranostics for the precise tumor lesion detection and treatment monitoring in the hypoxic scenario is going on a rampant speed. In the same line, smart nanoparticles which step in for “on-demand” drug release based on internal or external stimuli are also being explored as a new tool for cancer management. However, studies regarding these smart and tailor-made nanotheranostics in the hypoxic tumor microenvironment are very limited. The present review is an attempt to collate these smart stimuli-responsive phytonanotherapeutics in one place for initiating future research in this upcoming field for better cancer treatment.

2.  A. Singha, S. Praharaj, S. K. Rout, and D. Rout (2022), Composition dependent crossover from ferroelectric to relaxor-ferroelectric in NBT-ST-KNN ceramics. Current Applied Physics, Vol. 36, pp.160-170. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cap.2022.02.002(IF: 2.48).

 Abstract

Composition-driven crossover from ferroelectric (FE) to relaxor-ferroelectric (RFE) is systematically investigated in (0.8-x)(Na0.5Bi0.5)TiO3-0.2SrTiO3x(K0.5Na0.5)NbO3 (NBT-ST-xKNN) ceramics in the light of ferroelectric and dielectric (e) response. The appearance of constricted polarization-electric field loop and double current density-electric field peaks in the proximity of x = 0.02 suggest a co-existence of FE and RFE phases. The system attains a maximume ~ 4200 and tan δ <0.1 at x = 0.02. Broad e(T) peaks reveal a greater degree of disorder due to KNN substitution and their deconvolution demonstrates three different relaxation/polarization processes related to low and high-temperature nanodomains. The composition with x = 0.1 exhibits maximum broadness in e(T) profiles resulting in a temperature-insensitive permittivity variation of ±15% (ε125 °C,100 kHz~2007) over a span of ~ 280 °C. A remarkably low (TCε)100kHz of 75 ppm/°C is also achieved for x = 0.1 from 100–300°C proposing it to be a potential capacitor material.

Conference

1. Mahato, R., Das, M., Nandkeolyar, R., and Mahala, B. K.2022, Inclined Magnetic Field and Nonlinear Thermal Radiation Effects on Nanofluids Flow with Homogeneous-Heterogeneous Reactions,InAIP Conference Proceedings, FIAM, NIT, Jamshedpur, India, Vol. 2435, No.1, p.020009,, AIP Publishing LLC, https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0083593.

Abstract: 

The present article analyzes the stagnation point boundary layer flow of nanofluids towards a stretching sheet in a porous media using similarity transformations. We study the impact of nonlinear thermal radiation, inclined magnetic field, homogeneous and heterogeneous reactions, viscous dissipation and heat generation in Ag-water and Cu-water nanofluids. The numerical solutions with the corresponding boundary conditions are obtained by adopting bvp4c program in Matlab. Influence of physical parameters on fluid flow behavior are exhibited via graphs. Local Nusselt number and local skin friction coefficient data are exhibited through table. Nanofluid velocity reduces with increasing magnetic parameter and inclination angle.

2. Sen S. S., Das, M., and Nandkeolyar, R.2022, Effect of Non-Linear Radiation on Catalytic MHD Flow of ND-Co3O4/EG Hybrid Nanofluid with Slip Conditions, In AIP Conference Proceedings,FIAM, NIT, Jamshedpur, India, Vol.2435, No.1, p.020024,. AIP Publishing LLC, https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0083594.

Abstract:

The work studies the mixed convection flow of  hybrid nanofluid through a permeable cylinder. The problem is designed to study the effects of magnetic field, homogeneous-heterogeneous reaction, non-linear thermal radiation and slip condition on the flow field. The governing equations are formed according to the assumptions and the respective boundary conditions are defined. The equations along with their boundary conditions and the physical quantities are transformed into non-dimensional forms by using the respective similarity transformations. The numerical solutions of the model are obtained using the BVP4C solver in MATLAB and the results are discussed through graphs and tables.

Book Chapter

Mohanty, C,  Vinod, C.H.,  Acharya, S,,  and Mahapatra, N. (2022), COVID-19  Drug Repositioning: Present Status and Prospects, In Modeling, Control and Drug Development for COVID-19 Outbreak Prevention, Part of the Studies in Systems, Decision and Control book series (SSDC,volume 366), Springer, pp. 645–671.

Abstract

SARS-CoV-2causing the COVID-19 disease has gained the status of a pandemic worldwide. Till now no appropriate drug has been identified which can become the gold standard for coronavirus-2.  Given the pressing need to quickly find effectual medications for COVID-19, existing drugs are being repositioned. The term “repositioning” or “repurposing” refers to the use of approved drugs originally used against other pathogens which can also be used against SARS-CoV-2. These therapeutics can be chosen from a wide spectrum of drugs used for cancer-induced inflammation, immune dysfunction, and coagulopathy.  The main idea behind the repositioning of the drug is to lessen the time and expenditure which is done to find a new drug and then ushering its transition from bench to bedside. For narrowing down the search as to which therapeutics can be considered for repositioning, Artificial Intelligence (AI) can be of great aid.  The present book chapter  comprehensively highlights all these points.

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KIIT Research & Development Newsletter (March 2022) https://news.kiit.ac.in/research-development/newsletter/kiit-research-development-newsletter-march-2022/ https://news.kiit.ac.in/research-development/newsletter/kiit-research-development-newsletter-march-2022/#respond Wed, 06 Apr 2022 12:22:00 +0000 https://news.kiit.ac.in/?p=39098 KIIT Research & Development March 2022

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KIIT Research & Development March 2022

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School of Languages (March 2022) https://news.kiit.ac.in/research-development/school-of-languages-march-2022/ https://news.kiit.ac.in/research-development/school-of-languages-march-2022/#respond Tue, 05 Apr 2022 12:32:56 +0000 https://news.kiit.ac.in/?p=38586 KIIT School of Languages

Journal 1. Rath, M. and Das, P. K. (2021), Odia Literary Imagination and the Adivasi before Paraja: An Exploration, The IUP Journal of English Studies, Vol. XVI, No. 1, March 2021, pp. 50–60, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3909699. Abstract The simple lives of the Adivasis have stimulated literary imagination everywhere. In Odisha, initially for administrative purposes, colonial rulers […]

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KIIT School of Languages

Journal

1. Rath, M. and Das, P. K. (2021), Odia Literary Imagination and the Adivasi before Paraja: An Exploration, The IUP Journal of English Studies, Vol. XVI, No. 1, March 2021, pp. 50–60, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3909699.

Abstract

The simple lives of the Adivasis have stimulated literary imagination everywhere. In Odisha, initially for administrative purposes, colonial rulers came in contact with the Adivasis and started writing ethnographic details about them. Towards the end of the nineteenth century, an emerging Odia middle class started writing about the indigenous people of Odisha. The paper proposes to study the predecessors of novelization of Adivasi life. It analyses the first four decades of the twentieth century when interest in the Adivasis gradually increased in Odisha. It explores Odia literary imagination on Adivasis before the publication of Paraja (1945), a classic on Adivasi life.


Book Chapter

1. Roy, D. and Putatunda, T. (2021), Technology in Language Classrooms of India: Decoding Digital Learning and Dynamics of Context and Curriculum in Digitization of Economy and Society: Emerging Paradigms, SudeshnaBasu Mukherjee, Saheli Guha NeogiGhatak, Nilanjan Ray (Eds.), Apple Academic Press, Taylor & Francis, Palm Bay (United States), pp. 279–292.

Abstract

Global digital revolution of the 1990s accentuated the use of technology in educational frameworks leading to examination of hitherto-followed classroom pedagogy and its objectives. A similar inquiry followed the Indian educational context that was, at the same time, being re-forged by economic liberalisation and globalisation. With technology foraging into the language curriculum, there was a rapid reconstruction of pedagogic practices. However, the “digital divide” caused an asymmetrical distribution of technological and educational opportunities among the urban and rural sections of the nation. This chapter traces the dynamics of Indian socio-cultural contexts and language education vis-à-vis technology-enhanced language learning.

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School of Social, Financial & Human Sciences (March 2022) https://news.kiit.ac.in/research-development/school-of-social-financial-human-sciences-march-2022/ https://news.kiit.ac.in/research-development/school-of-social-financial-human-sciences-march-2022/#respond Fri, 01 Apr 2022 12:32:00 +0000 https://news.kiit.ac.in/?p=38585 KIIT School of Social Financial & Human Sciences

Book Chapters 1. Datta, C. S.(2021), Bengal and the Bengali in Charyageeti in Critical Discourse in Bangla, Subha Chakraborty Dasgupta & Subrata Sinha (Eds.), Routledge, UK & USA, pp. 22–46. Abstract The focus of this essay is on the relationship between Buddhism and its philosophical implication in the late Mahayana period and how they shaped the […]

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KIIT School of Social Financial & Human Sciences

Book Chapters

1. Datta, C. S.(2021), Bengal and the Bengali in Charyageeti in Critical Discourse in Bangla, Subha Chakraborty Dasgupta & Subrata Sinha (Eds.), Routledge, UK & USA, pp. 22–46.

Abstract

The focus of this essay is on the relationship between Buddhism and its philosophical implication in the late Mahayana period and how they shaped the practices of Vajrayana Buddhism in Bengal between 8th and 12th centuries, as reflected in the Charyapada, the ancient poetry-songs based on Buddhist doctrines. There is also an account of Bengali society and culture of the period as reflected in the songs: Vedic and non-Vedic religions, different Budhhist, Jain, and Tantric sects, philosophical truths, societal system, clash of castes, and untouchability; professions like fishing, weaving, cotton carding, and carpentry; and on a lighter note, hunting, music, theatre, wine, love, and domesticity.


2. Datta, C. S.(2021), The Gaudita Vaishnav Order: Its Treatises on Rhetoric & Rasa in Critical Discourse in Bangla, Subha Chakraborty Dasgupta & Subrata Sinha (Eds.), Routledge, UK & USA, pp. 67–73.

Abstract

Bharata’s Natyashastra, the earliest available Sanskrit doctrine on poetics, enumerated the possible permanent emotions as eight, and Abhinavagupta (10th century), added the ninth one of Shama. Ancient rhetoricians also acknowledged the influence and impact of Bhakti (love for God), which can be inferred from a verse by Ānandavardhana (9th century), which stated that poets were tired of describing the world, but they continued to remain enchanted with the bliss of the uncomparable emotion of Bhakti. 15th century Gaudiya Vaishnav scholars established Bhakti as a permanent emotion, with its corresponding madhura-rasa. This essay delves into aspects of Sanskrit poetics and its relation to the ideals of Bhakti.


3. Datta C, S. (2021), A Consideration of Literature in Critical Discourse in Bangla, Subha Chakraborty Dasgupta & Subrata Sinha (Eds.), Routledge, UK & USA, pp. 140–143.

Abstract

This essay is about the intent inherent in language. Any utterance is made with an intent—logical i.e. used for argument or information; emotional i.e. used to inspire feelings and sentiments. Different disciplines need different kinds of utterance.  For example, the language of mathematics will be different from the language of literature. Logical utterance demands clarity, while emotional and ethical utterance may rely on rhetoric. For an utterance to be effective, these intents must be applied harmoniously. The essay focuses on the question of language and its function, rather than overtly aesthetic concerns.


4. Datta C, S. (2021), Rasa & the Question of Taste in Critical Discourse in Bangla, Subha Chakraborty Dasgupta & Subrata Sinha (Eds.), Routledge, UK & USA, pp. 144–149.

Abstract

Since the early 19th century, there remained the persistent question whether anything like literary criticism in the Western sense was ever available in Indian traditions. Scholars attempted to take the rasa-shastra to the general reading public, and to find a relation between Indian and Western aesthetic theories. This essay takes up the question of rasa, and relates it to the psychoanalytical school by questioning the primacy of shringara-rasa in the aesthetic school and that of the libido in the psychoanalytical. The final appeal is for an open-ended approach in criticism and for a greater vision beyond the temporally limited ideals of good and evil.


5. Datta Chaudhuri, S. (2021), ‘The Poetic Mind’ in Critical Discourse in Bangla, Subha Chakraborty Dasgupta & Subrata Sinha (Eds.), Routledge, UK & USA, pp. 150–168.

Abstract

This article takes three essays by Rabindranath Tagore as the point of departure to seek  contemporary literary aesthetics. The enquiry is not limited to Rabindranath’s writings alone but includes those of Michael Madhusudan Dutt and Bankimchandra Chattopadhyay as well, placing them within a continuity of aesthetic tradition coming down from Sanskrit rhetoricians. Through a critical examination of their works, particularly Rabindranath’s idea of the three fundamental constituents of poetic genius, viz. wonder, love, and imagination or empathy, the essay comes to the conclusion that a poet’s genius is constituted by the three elements of pratibha or genius, vyutpattior knowledge, and abhyas or practice.

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School Of Electronics Engineering (March 2022) https://news.kiit.ac.in/research-development/school-of-electronics-engineering-march-2022/ https://news.kiit.ac.in/research-development/school-of-electronics-engineering-march-2022/#respond Fri, 01 Apr 2022 11:32:00 +0000 https://news.kiit.ac.in/?p=38584 School of Electronics Engineering

Journal Papers 1. Bhowmik, W. and Srivastava S. (2022), Design of Substrate Integrated Folded Waveguide h-Plane Horn Antenna Array with Simultaneous Omnidirectional and Directional Radiation Characteristics, Progress in Electromagnetics Research M, Vol. 107, pp. 141–154, DOI: 10.2528/PIERM21121302. Abstract A compactsubstrate integrated folded waveguide (SIFW) H-plane horn antenna array with simultaneous omnidirectional and directional radiation characteristics […]

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School of Electronics Engineering

Journal Papers

1. Bhowmik, W. and Srivastava S. (2022), Design of Substrate Integrated Folded Waveguide h-Plane Horn Antenna Array with Simultaneous Omnidirectional and Directional Radiation Characteristics, Progress in Electromagnetics Research M, Vol. 107, pp. 141–154, DOI: 10.2528/PIERM21121302.

Abstract

A compactsubstrate integrated folded waveguide (SIFW) H-plane horn antenna array with simultaneous omnidirectional and directional radiation characteristics for potential utilization to high-speed wireless communication is presented in this article. The realization of the proposed design has been accomplished by placing the apertures of nine exponentially tapered SIFW H-plane horns towards the circumference of the cylindrical substrate with an angular separation of 40o between each horn. Every horn flaring includes a column of three slots. Centre probe feed technique has been used to excite the antenna. The proposed antewnna generates an omnidirectional and a directional radiation pattern at 13.8 GHz and 18.42 GHz, with the gain of 7 dBi and 10.92 dBi. The proposed antenna has performed well and is in good agreement both in simulation and measurement.


2. Hasan N, Mishra A, Ray A K.(2022) Fuzzy Logic Based Cross-Layer Design to Improve Quality of Service in Mobile Ad-hoc Networks for Next-gen Cyber Physical System, International Journal of Engineering Science and Technology, Vol. 35, 101099,ISSN 2215-0986, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jestch.2022.101099. (IF. 4.36).

Abstract

5G/6G standards support for infrastructure-less network MANET poses major deployment challenge in resource allocation and management to facilitate strict Quality of Service (QoS) requirements for future Internet of Things (IoT) based Next-generation Cyber Physical System(NG-CPS). It is difficult to have a deterministic model of network parameters for specificQoS requirements of IoT applications and therefore, a Fuzzy Logic system based Cross-Layer (FLS-CL) design for MANET has been used. Fuzzy Logic based parameters modeling has been carried out using MATLAB and the Network simulation study has been carried out usingQualNet®. The results are promising with average 27.64 % improvement in PDR and 76.04 % less E2E delay.

Conference Papers

1. D. Nayak, K. B. Ray and T. Kar, (2021) Performance Comparison of Different CS based Reconstruction Methods for WSN Application, 2nd IEEE International Conference on Applied Electromagnetics, Signal Processing & Communication (AESPC),AESPC-2021, 26–28 November, pp. 1–5, doi:10.1109/AESPC52704.2021.9708523.

Abstract

Compression of the WSN images are always challenging, as we need to maintain the quality of the reconstructed images with restricted resources and the bandwidth of transmission is also less. To meet these diverging requirements compressive sensing is one of the best among all solutions. In this paper, we have compared the performance of two popular reconstruction methods for compressive sensing namely Orthogonal Matching Pursuits and L1-minimization found in the literature. The performances of these two methods are compared for standard data set images as well as real wildlife CCTV captured color images. Result analysis shows that OMP method has faster processing with lower stability and L1 method has slower processing with higher stability.


2. JenaI, Prasad R. and Singh U. P. (2021) Performance Analysis of Zn(O, S)/CdTeSolar Cell with Back Surface Field Contact; 2nd IEEE International Conference on Applied Electromagnetics, Signal Processing, Communication (AESPC),AESPC-2021, 26–28 November, pp. 1–5, doi: 10.1109/AESPC52704.2021.9708536.

Abstract

In this work, we have emphasized use of wider band gap semiconductor Zn(O, S).The band gap can be controlled depending on the precision of ratio of Sulphur and Oxygen such that we can manage the electron affinity at the Conduction Band Offset (cbo) most accurately with the affinity of CdTe. We have reported at the ratio (X = O/S) 60% maximum efficiency of 22.25% is evaluated. The buffer layer thickness and absorber layer thickness is optimized at 40 nm and 2 μm respectively. It has been observed that as the thickness of CdTe layer goes on increasing the efficiency goes on decreasing due to significant increase in series resistance. Use of ZnTe layer the back end of the device reduces the rate of recombination and improves the performance of the numerically modelled solar cell.


3. Mukherjee O, Sarkar S. S., Gorai A., and Ghatak R. (2021), Enhancement in Gain of Acompact UWB Vivaldi Antenna by Using Zero Index Metamaterial Array, 2nd IEEE International Conference on Applied Electromagnetics, Signal Processing, Communication (AESPC),AESPC-2021, 26–28 November,pp. 1–4, doi:.10.1109/AESPC52704.2021.9708539.

Abstract

In this paper, a compact zero index metamaterial integrated vivaldi antenna having UWB characteristics is presented. The proposed antenna exhibits higher gain due to the addition of meandered shaped anisotropic zero index metamaterials (AZIM) cells. The overall size of the proposed antenna is 23×26 mm 2 (WHAT IS THE MEANING OF 2?)which is suitable for UWB applications. Moreover the antenna has a peak gain of 5.5 dBi, and the group delay profile is within 1ns and has a stable radiation characteristics.


4. Mahapatra, A., Pahadsingh, S., and Kar, T. (2021),Transfer learning based COVID-19 detection Using Radiological Images,2nd IEEE International Conference on Applied Electromagnetics, Signal Processing, Communication (AESPC),AESPC-2021, 26–28 November, pp. 1–4,

doi:10.1109/AESPC52704.2021.9708473.

Abstract

In the present crisis due to COVID-19 pandemic the contagious power of virus has led to huge encounter of cases on daily basis. This stimulates the need for specialized and accurate methods to detect COVID-19 cases. The contribution of deep learning to this problem has been significant. The application of deep learning concepts has shown its immense importance and utility in medical domain for detection of COVID-19 cases using CT scan and X-Ray images of lungs. Our proposed method compares the accuracy of multiple pertained models in predicting COVID-19 infected cases for a specific dataset of radiological images using three distinct optimizers for each model. This research aims to determine which model, together with its associated optimizer, is most suitable for identifying COVID-19 infected cases.


5. Nayak, D., Ray, K. B. and Kar, T. (2021), Performance Comparison of Different CS based Reconstruction Methods for WSN Application, 2nd IEEE International Conference on Applied Electromagnetics, Signal Processing, Communication (AESPC),AESPC-2021, 26–28 November,pp. 1–5, doi:10.1109/AESPC52704.2021.9708523.

Abstract

Compression of the WSN images are always challenging, as we need to maintain the quality of the reconstructed images with restricted resources and the bandwidth of transmission is also less. To meet these diverging requirements compressive sensing is one of the best among all solutions. In this paper, we have compared the performance of two popular reconstruction methods for compressive sensing namely Orthogonal Matching Pursuits and L1-minimization found in the literature. The performances of these two methods are compared for standard dataset images as well as real wildlife CCTV captured color images. Result analysis shows that OMP method has faster processing with lower stability and L1 method has slower processing with higher stability.


6. Das, R., Shrivastava, C.P., Kejriwal, H., Anand, A. and Pati, A.K. (2021), A Novel Energy Management Algorithm for Solar Based Electric Vehicle, 2nd IEEE International Conference on Applied Electromagnetics, Signal Processing, Communication (AESPC),AESPC-2021, 26–28 November, pp. 1–6. doi: 10.1109/AESPC52704.2021.9708511.

Abstract:

A solar based electric vehicle requires optimal use of the vehicle roof-top space. In this paper, performance of different rated photovoltaic (PV) array with individual DC-DC converter and MPPT algorithm which are connected to the common DC bus are investigated. To optimal use of the PV power and to operate the battery in a safe region, a novel energy management algorithm is proposed.  In this algorithm, both grid to vehicle (G2V) and vehicle to grid (V2G) features are incorporated. 


7. Bakshi, A, Panigrahy,M. and Das, J. K. (2021), FPGA Based Digital Filters Design to Remove Noise from ECG Signal, IEEE International Symposium on Smart Electronic Systems (iSES), Jaipur, India,pp. 236–239, DOI: 10.1109/iSES52644.2021.00061.

Abstract

The ECG signal is a widely used method for the early detection and evaluation of cardiovascular disease. This paper is about designing an efficient ECG denoising technique using a field programmable gate array (FPGA). To denoise the ECG signal, a High Pass Filter, Moving Average Filter, and Savitzky-Golay Filter is used. The designed filters are tested on different ECG signals taken from the MIT-BIH database by mixing different types of noise and the performance is analyzed using several characteristics such as SNR, MSE, and COR of the filter output signal. The system is implemented using Verilog HDL and simulated on the Vivado simulator.


8. Mishra,A. and Ray, A. K. (2021), Energy-efficient Design of Wireless Sensor Mote Using Mobile-Edge Computing and Novel Scheduling Mechanism for Self-Sustainable Next-genCyber Physical System,Second International Conference on Smart Technologies in Computing, Electrical and Electronics (ICSTCEE), pp. 1–8, doi: https://doi.org/10.1109/ICSTCEE54422.2021.9708557.

Abstract

The recent developments in the field of IoT have opened up vast prospects for design, development of Next-generation Cyber Physical System (NG-CPS). The vision is to achieve intelligent next-gen IoT-based system by harnessing all key technology enablers like modern low-power and smarter embedded system with support for 5G/6G. We have proposed an energy-efficient self-sustainable wireless sensor mote design for such envisioned NG-CPS. AStore-Process-Then-Forward (SPTF) mechanism is implemented on Edge device to reduce the wireless trans-receiver duty-cycle. Energy harvester is used for self-reliance. The proposed novel algorithm on prototype results shows 720 Joules of energy saving considering 80% power efficiency.


9. Dutta, K., Lenka, R. and Sarowar, M. S. (2021), Improvement of Denoising in Images Using Generic Image Denoising Network (GID Net), 2nd IEEE International Conference on Applied Electromagnetics, Signal Processing, Communication (AESPC),AESPC-2021, 26–28 November,pp. 1–6, doi:10.1109/AESPC52704.2021.9708513.

Abstract

Images are generated in various forms in different sectors. These images are difficult to handle and thus, cannot be effectively used in various fields. In this paper, two important techniques in the field of Image Reconstruction and Restoration are carried out. Image Denoising is the process in which an image is reconstructed from the noisy image. In this process, to restore the original image, the undesired noise is removed. But these methods are not so robust as to handle any type of noise signal which results in a deformed reconstructed denoised image. Therefore, in this paper, a method of image denoising using Image Reconstruction technique is proposed. For this purpose, Deep Learning techniques and architectures have been proposed in order to get the reconstructed denoised image in our paper.



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